The oldest one is the good cop – bad cop thing. please update to most recent version. Usually, the best test is “Does it fit and make sense?” The other important test of truthfulness is corroboration. For someone being falsely accused of a crime, their best hope is that the police will defend them when they did nothing wrong. 19. A new person into the room also forces the suspect to reassert his socially acceptable reason for the crime, reinforcing the idea that the confession is a done deal. People are people, no matter what the investigative issue. Its one thing to put your thoughts on paper but I think quite another to provide a How to escape detection method to the wrong types of people. Some of the commentators also don’t thoroughly read or understand the points I’m making in this piece. Lead the suspect to understand that the evidence has led the police to the individual as a suspect. A trained, experienced interrogator makes a mental note of the suspect’s eye activity. It heightens the suspect’s “get me out of here” sensation throughout the interrogation. There is a book out that is required reading for police officers perhaps you have heard if it. The technique isn’t a rigid structure that plays off a checksheet. Although the Reid model of interrogation can take different forms, it generally consists of a three part process: The first stage of the process is to gather evidence related to the crime and to interview witnesses and victims. I worked in the detectives unit prior to becoming a Sergeant. This pertains to statements made to persons in authority, ie – cops: The reasons for these strict rules are to avoid the chance of false confessions being used to convict people and ensuring an ethical theater in law enforcement. David Rothbauer’s blog post is generated by the current Netflix documentary “Making A Murderer”. Theme development is in the background throughout the interrogation. I have the background to understand how the Reid Technique is properly employed and I’m very familiar with the issues surrounding the Reid Technique. People tend to like and trust people who are like them, so the interrogator may claim to share some of the suspect’s interests or beliefs. Offer the person an early opportunity to explain why the offense took place. I’d challenge your statistics that ‘most people arrested were guilty…’ and easily change it to 100% of people who have been arrested are guilty people, if the measure of guilt is articulated by someone being a ‘perfect person’ in the eyes of the law – in fact, it’s nearly impossible for someone to not commit at least an infraction on a daily basis, if they are behind the wheel of a car, or even walking down a public street. 1.Confrontation. For an interrogation to be successful there are nine steps that the interrogator must follow during questioning. The successful interrogation is one in which (1) the suspect tells the truth to the investigator and, (2) persuasive tactics used to learn the truth are legally acceptable. I might have been a cop back in the 80s and 90s but I can tell you that the Reid Technique is still alive and working well today. Turning over a murder weapon or showing where a body is hidden are common ends of confessions obtained by Reid interrogations. It should be noted here that if, at any point during the interrogation, the suspect does somehow manage to ask for a lawyer or invoke his right to silence, the interrogation has to stop immediately. To get the full experience of this website, You need to keep in mind that confessions secured through the Reid Technique need to be independently corroborated by some other fact(s). The argument can be made that this is a good thing, as states don’t have the resources to try every case anyway, and all suspects are “guilty of something”. The first step, direct positive confrontation, involves directly confronting the suspect with a statement that it is known that he or she committed the crime. At least some of these crooks are smart enough to read and they have comprehension skills equal to most other humans. In addition to keeping the suspect’s confidence low, stopping denials also helps quiet the suspect so they don’t have a chance to ask for a lawyer. Rather, it’s the interrogator recognizing deceptive signs and capitalizing on them as they occur. The positive confrontation. Often, the police lie and describe nonexistent evidence that points to the suspect … The word “interrogation” has been weighed down by instances like these, and today, law enforcement is working to create an interview approach that engages with suspects. Information gathered during the BAI is used against the suspect in the interrogation. Ah, I don’t think you quite get the picture, Mark. Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation - Criminal Justice 204 with Mishler at Ivy Tech Community College - StudyBlue Flashcards That doesn’t bother me a bit because I’ve got thick hide and I also have the option of approving or spamming comments. Once the Behavior Analysis Interview has been completed and the investigator has concluded that the results indicate that the suspect was indeed the perpetrator of the crime under investigation, then the Reid Technique itself comes into play, which consists of nine steps. I always appreciate hearing dissenting views — after all my tagline is “Provoking Thoughts on Life, Death & Writing”. Direct confrontation. While I understand the concern about wrongful accusation and conviction, the Reid Technique remains a proven and effective interrogation tool. The Reid technique is an extremely troubling technique that has unquestionably led to many many innocent individuals confessing to crimes that they didn’t commit. Just curious. DID LIZZIE BORDEN REALLY AX-MURDER HER PARENTS? Nowhere do I ever suggest this is intentionally used to get people to “confess” to a crime they didn’t commit. The interrogator builds up the contrast between the two alternatives until the suspect gives an indicator of choosing one, like a nod of the head or increased signs of surrender. Separated into two parts: What You Need to Know About Interrogation and Employing the Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation, this book will help readers understand the effective and proper way that a suspect should be interrogated and the safeguards that should be in … At the point of interrogation, this process of biased hypothesis testing on the part of the interrogator can lead to the use of these other problematic tactics, such as confronting suspects with guilt and disallowing denials, questioning suspects for long periods, presenting false evidence, and minimizing responsibility. The interrogator encourages the suspect to talk about the crime and might arrange for a second interrogator in room to increase the suspect’s stress level and his desire to give up and tell the truth. A confession is often the #1 piece of evidence used to convict an individual and can be used to convict someone even if there isn’t corroborating or physical evidence. Step 8 - Lead the suspect to repeat the admission of guilt in front of witnesses. – Garry. Information gathered during the BAI is used against the suspect in the interrogation. I think most, if not all, officers who have the opportunity to use the Reid Technique are experienced interviewers who are fully aware of how it applies and do their best to remain objective. I have to agree with you – most suspects are guilty of something and I’ve never seen anyone being developed as a suspect without there being some suspicious circumstances. But this procedure does nothing to confirm the real truth of when someone did NOT commit a crime. Reid is the one that most polygraph schools teach. Interrogation is the questioning of suspects of a crime. The Reid technique's nine steps of interrogation are: Step 1 – Direct Confrontation. During the interrogation, the suspect is informed that his or her guilt has already been confirmed. Are they paying closer attention than before? The first step, direct positive confrontation, involves directly confronting the suspect with a statement that it is known that he or she committed the crime. Ried Nine-Step Technique. Suspect should be kept in isolation untill interrogation begins to increase anxiety. The interrogator asks basic questions about the crime and compares the suspect’s reactions to the baseline. If the investigative information indicates that the subject committed the crime in question, the Reid Nine Steps of Interrogation are utilized to persuade the subject to tell the truth […] B. Behavioral pause to assess the verbal and nonverbal reaction. Although it’s widely used and accepted in the USA, the Canadian courts are careful in admissibility of confessions extracted in this method, ruling that “stripped to its bare essentials, the Reid Technique is a guilt-presumptive, confrontational, psychologically manipulative procedure whose purpose is to extract a confession, not necessarily a truthful confession.” John E. Reid and Associates, the Chicago firm that holds rights to the technique and its teachings maintains that “it’s not the technique that causes false or coerced confessions, but police detectives who apply improper interrogation procedures.”. Points to ponder, nonetheless. In the first phase, the interviewer seeks to obtain relevant information from the suspect. That’s why there are amendments and the freedom of individual jurisdictions to pass or strike down laws. Not only for the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 14th Amendment protections that we are DESECRATING by imputing our guilt upon those not yet convicted, but even more so on the victims of crime who are being lulled in to a false sense of security by flaunting an arrest; all the while, those who ARE guilty are walking free and demonizing society and subjecting citizens to further criminal episodes. Interrogators can, and frequently do, “trick” people into “confessing” who are NOT guilty of a crime just to get a “closure” on a case. (Ie they are generally with a few exceptions normal law abiding people who run a business and mostly had no intention to hurt or kill people and/or commit a criminal offence) You have to stop denials and lead into admissions with guilty subjects and that can be a lot harder to accomplish than it sounds. I’ve seen it work many times and it’s an excellent investigation tool. I completely agree the interrogator’s intuitive ability to detect deception – their built-in BS detector – plays a top role in successfully utilizing many of the steps in the Reid Technique. There are nine steps to this technique: Thanks for your comment! IS A SERIAL KILLER LOOSE ON THE HIGHWAY OF TEARS? This is absolutely immoral. Taking that a bit further into the Reid Technique, the person in the chair with wheels on it has to be very careful about suggesting something that isn’t truthful. Thank you. Minimization – Maximization. There is a difference between an admission and a confession A true confession leads to independently supporting evidence. But it misses a critical purpose of jury trial, which is nullification. WHAT’S YOUR EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (E-IQ) SCORE? >> Added Tre1234 21:47, 5 February 2007 (UTC) What does progresses mean in "interrogator progresses the suspect"? Once the suspect chooses an alternative, the confession has begun. The interrogation room’s layout is designed to maximize the suspect's discomfort and sense of powerlessness from the moment he steps inside. The nine steps of effective interrogation are then applied to the circumstance where the suspect's guilt is reasonably certain. Methods such as PEACE (Preparation and Planning, Engage and Explain, Account, Closure and Evaluate) such be looked into by more discerning readers of this blog looking for interviewing techniques that genuinely help in the legal truth finding process. If he had half a brain, he’d have realized I have approval rights on my comments so I hit “spam” to all. Critics of the Reid Technique claim that it too easily produces false confessions, especially with young people. Corroboration can come in many forms, and it’s also a case-by-case situation. 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