In addition to the basic sounds of the American English alphabet, pronunciation of words can vary from dialect to dialect. Unit 4: English Diphthongs and Triphthongs 1 INTRODUCTION This unit will undertake the description of the English diphthongs and triphthongs. For instance, the /ɪ/ in [aɪ] is quitedifferent from the /ɪ/ in [ɪt]. This happens because the vowel is working in conjunction with another vowel. DIPHTHONGS. A diphthong is a glide from on pure vowel (monophthong) to another pure vowel. To figure out what a diphthong is, we first have to return to the basics: vowels. Unlike Spanish, in English diphthongs are normally considered just one phoneme, not the combination of two. For the exception of the falling diphthongs, “most of the height and stress associated [with the sound] is concentrated on the 1st element, the 2nd element being only lightly sounded” (126). Read the words. There are eight, but the first five are traditionally called the closing diphthongs. See how the tongue moves when you say these words. Diphthongs are long vowel sounds that start in one position of the mouth and end in another within the same syllable. Every vowel has its own short sound and long vowel sound.However, diphthongs come into play whenever a vowel makes a new and different sound, usually because it’s working in conjunction with another vowel. A diphthong is a glide from one vowel sound to another within a single syllable (e.g., the phoneme / aɪ / in the words I, my or try).This is different from a monophtong, where there is just one vowel sound (/ æ / in man or sand). “Diphthong” comes from the Greek word diphthongs. They are: /eɪ/, /aɪ/,/əʊ/, /aʊ/, /ɔɪ/, /ɪə/, /eə/, and /ʊə/. It is hard to make a complete list diphthongs because the sounds can vary greatly by accent and dialect.A dialect is a form of a language that is spoken in a certain area. 4. The above list or chart is for ou words. However, diphthongs come into play whenever a vowel makes a new and different sound. However, English is a language known for being full of diphthongs (double vowels) that are represented by combinations of symbols. For example: the “ai” English diphthong pronunciation varies by context as in, “Jerry said he had bought his ticket.” and “Jerry paid for his ticket in cash.” In this example, the “ai” English diphthong … Thus, according to Gimson, there are 8 significant diphthongs in RP English. So far, we have seen mostly symbols for pure vowels, and with these symbols, we can represent almost any sound made in common accents of English. It is important to note that the close combination ofthe two vowels causes each of the vowels to lose itspure quality. There are also centering diphthongs. Closing diphthongs in English. There are eight diphthongs commonlyused in English. It literally means “having two sounds.” More specifically, diphthongs deal with vowels. 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