This third edition of Health at a Glance – OECD Indicators 2005 provides the latest comparable data and trends on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. [57] State of Indian Agriculture 2015-16, Ministry of Agriculture, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/PDF/State_of_Indian_Agriculture,2015-16.pdf. However, only 18 states and union territories have implemented the reforms laid out in the Model Act. Factors taken into consideration in determining MSPs include costs of cultivation and production, productivity of crops, and market prices. Of this, 6-7 million tonnes may be met from organic fertilizers, but the rest would be met by chemical fertilizers (containing N, P and K). [40]  It also launched a Policy in 2012 relating to water demand management, efficiency of water usage, and pricing. The subsidy provided would be based on per kilogram of the nutrient. Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture, (2005). Access to agricultural credit is linked to the holding of land titles. [46]  About 5.3 billion tonnes of soil gets eroded annually, at a rate of about 16.4 tonne/hectare. ‘Agricultural Statistics at a Glance’, Ministry of Agriculture, ... Rao, C.H.Hanumanta (2005), Agriculture, Food Security, Poverty, Environment, Oxford University Press, New Delhi. It has been recommended that farmers should move from flood irrigation to the drip or sprinkler irrigation systems (micro irrigation). As of February 2017, 2.9 crore farmers have been covered under this scheme. The private sector has also started playing a role in supplying some seeds such as hybrid maize, bajra, cotton and sunflower. Maddison, Angus, (1995). Agricultural growth has been fairly volatile over the past decade, ranging from 5.8% in 2005-06 to 0.4% in 2009-10 and … Sources: Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2015; PRS. Basic animal husbandry statistics-2004, ministry of Agriculture, Govt. In addition, farmers have to arrange for their produce to be transported from their farms to the nearest mandi, which brings in costs such as transport and fuel. Table 12: State wise yield of pulses (in kg/ha). [77]  The Model Act (i) provides for the direct selling of produce through contract farming, (ii) permits private persons, farmers and consumers to establish agricultural markets, (iii) levies a single market fee on the sale of the commodity, and (iv) replaces licences with registration of market agencies so that they can operate in more than one market, among other things. As of 2011, about 10% of Indian farmers were covered under a crop insurance scheme. Over the years, several issues have been highlighted in this system. Monitoring the World Economy 1820–1992, Paris: OECD Development Centre. As per the 2014 FAO world agriculture statistics India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits like banana, mango, guava, papaya, lemon and vegetables like chickpea, okra and milk, major spices like chili pepper, ginger, fibrous crops such as jute, staples such as millets and castor oil seed. You may choose to reproduce or redistribute this report for non-commercial purposes in part or in full to any other person with due acknowledgement of PRS Legislative Research (“PRS”). Under the scheme, all farmers are issued soil health cards, once every three years. There is a need to review the Insecticide Act, 1968, to provide for a regulatory framework for the pesticides sector. However, the process of fixing the quantity to be imported and actually receiving the imports takes about 60-70 days, since only three companies are allowed to import urea into the country. A Committee on Financial Inclusion under the Reserve Bank of India had recommended that credit eligibility certificates, which would act as tenancy/lease certificates should be issued to tenant farmers. Although the ratio of N, P, and K fertilizer usage across crops has increased, the quantity of fertilizers used by India is still lower as compared to other countries. [72] Department of Food and Public Distribution, Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution. MSPs are the prices at which the central government purchases food grains from farmers. [53] “Department of Fertilizers to conduct pilot in 16 districts to capture details as a precursor to DBT in fertilizer sector”, Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, July 29, 2016. [52]  In July 2016, the government announced that it would be conducting pilot studies of direct benefit transfers in 16 districts in 2016-17. The NITI Aayog recommended that the awareness level of farmers regarding MSPs must be increased and the mediums of dissemination of this information must be strengthened.74. The Economic Survey 2014-15 recommended that a National Agricultural Market (NAM) be created to provide for a national electronic platform on which farmers may sell their produce. Bhushan, S. (2005) Total factor productivity growth of wheat in India: ... GOI,(2012). Despite high levels of production, agricultural yield in India is lower than other large producing countries. [36] Pocket Book of Agricultural Statistics, 2015, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/PDF/Pocket-Book2015.pdf. [37] “Raising Agricultural Productivity and Making Farming Remunerative for Farmers”, NITI Aayog, December 16, 2015, http://www.niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/RAP3.pdf. [29] 34th Report: State of rural/agricultural banking and crop insurance, Standing Committee on Finance, August 10, 2016, http://164.100.47.134/lsscommittee/Finance/16_Finance_34.pdf. of India. Table 14 in the Annexure provides a state-wise coverage of micro-irrigation in the country. Ministry of Agriculture (2004a). [62] Mechanization and Technology, Chapter 8, Agriculture and Food Management, Economic Survey 2013-14, http://unionbudget.nic.in/budget2014-2015/es2013-14/echap-08.pdf. It states that groundwater is a common resource of all persons, and ownership of the land over a groundwater resource should not deprive others from accessing it. At A Glance Source: BAS Philippine agricultural exports have been an essential driver in the agriculture sector and constantly played a prominent role in the economy by providing foreign exchange earnings and additional economic activities. In transporting the produce from the farm to the store, several intermediaries are involved. It can also make the use of labour in agriculture more cost-effective. As of 2009-10, more than half of the total workforce (53%) of the country, i.e. As a result of extensive training and promotion programmes launched by the Department of Agriculture, consumption of fertilizers in the State has increased many folds over the year and now the per unit area consumption in the State is highest in the country. It was adopted in India in 2002 and as of 2014, 92% of the area covered by cotton uses Bt cotton. ROSE M. PETRONE was responsible for coordination and technical editorial work. Agriculture Statistics at a Glance (2007-2015) * Union Budget (2007-2015) * Agriculture Statistics at a Glance (2007-2015) * FAOSTAT (2001-2013) * SPEED (2001-2011) * ... – Constant 2005 US dollars were converted to constant 2011 US dollars for comparison > What is counted: One of the measures it recommends is a price deficiency system. ISBN. [34] Union Budget 2017-18 Budget Speech, http://unionbudget.nic.in/ub2017-18/bs/bs.pdf. Note: Subsidy figure for 2016-17 is a revised estimate, and for 2017-18 is a budgeted estimate. NASS publications cover a wide range of subjects, from traditional crops, such as corn and wheat, to specialties, such as mushrooms and flowers; from calves born to hogs slaughtered; from agricultural prices to land in farms. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in indicators of health status and health risks, and in the costs, allocation of resources and outputs of health systems. [58] Table 4.21(a), Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2015, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/PDF/Agricultural_Statistics_At_Glance-2015.pdf... [59] GEAC clearances, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, http://envfor.nic.in/major-initiatives/geac-clearances. The consumption of fertilizers in the State from 2005-06 to 2009-10 is given as under:- The cost of these varieties is too high for marginal and small farmers to afford, thus disincentivising them from purchasing these varieties.43  The Economic Survey 2015-16 has recommended bringing in more players into the production of seeds, to improve their availability in the market and also reduce their prices. Aspirational Districts Baseline Ranking. *in 2014-15, yield of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura has been consolidated as 3,902 kg/ha. "Agricultural Statistics At a Glance 2012" 1. As of December 2016, 19 such SWCs were operating 1,757 warehouses with a total capacity of 26 million tonnes. [38] Water and Related Statistics 2015, Central Water Commission, April 2015, http://www.cwc.gov.in/main/downloads/Water%20&%20Related%20Statistics%202015.pdf. The manufacture, sale, and distribution of fertilizers in the country is regulated by the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, under the Essential Commodities Act, 1955. [39] Recommendations for Price Policy, Price Policy for Kharif Crops 2015-16, Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices, Ministry of Agriculture, March 2015, http://cacp.dacnet.nic.in/ViewReports.aspx?Input=2&PageId=40&KeyId=532. State Warehousing Corporations manage storage facilities at the state level. The Kyoto Protocol (1997), setting internationally binding and differentiated emission reduction targets for six GHGs for 2008-12.It has been ratified by 177 parties, including all but two OECD countries, and has been in force since 2005. In 1990-91, a majority of crop loans taken was long term credit, whereas short term credit accounted for only about a quarter of all agricultural loans. The use of agricultural machinery in agriculture enables agricultural labour to be used in other activities. ‘Agricultural Statistics at a Glance’, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. Over the years, various GM crops such as Bt brinjal have been developed, but they have not received the regulatory approval to be released in Indian markets. Key issues relating to agricultural credit are lack of access to formal credit owing to unclear land records, skewed ratio between short term and long term agricultural credit, and inadequate access to crop insurance. Since farmers have to ensure that urea is applied to their crops on time, it leads to the growth of black markets selling urea, often at prices above the maximum retail prices. Table 16: Legal status of land leasing in states as of October 2016. The Mega Food Parks scheme was launched by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries in 2008. Related Links. State of Art No. Procurement of agricultural commodities is the purchase of food grains by the central or state governments. [12] “Food Management”, Chapter 5: Prices, Agriculture and Food Management, Economic Survey 2015-16, http://unionbudget.nic.in/es2015-16/echapvol2-05.pdf. While the production of pesticides is monitored by the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, their usage is administered by the Ministry of Agriculture. Indian soil consists of primary nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium, secondary nutrients such as sulphur, calcium and magnesium, and micro-nutrients such as zinc, iron, and manganese. It also states that industrial or bulk usage of groundwater will be priced. 140 million hectare of land is used as agricultural area, as of 2012-13. MSPs are the prices at which the central government purchases food grains from farmers. The domestic production of fertilizers would have to be increased to meet this demand.6, Figure 8: Fertilizer subsidy (in Rs crore). [56] Productivity through seed development, Chapter 5, Agriculture and Food Management, Volume 2, Economic Survey 2015-16, http://unionbudget.nic.in/es2015-16/echapvol2-05.pdf. Agricultural yield of food grains has increased by more than four times since 1950-51, and was 2,070 kg/hectare in 2014-15. [21] Report of the Expert Committee on Land Leasing, NITI Aayog, March 31, 2016, http://www.niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/Final_Report_Expert_Group_on_Land_Leasing.pdf. Quality seeds is another input necessary for agricultural productivity, and good quality seeds account for 20%-25% of increased crop productivity. New Delhi, India: The Fertilizer Association of India. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India, in its report on the performance of the NBS policy stated that in the five years since its implementation, the policy had not succeeded in bringing about a balanced use of fertilizers. Thus shortages are often caused in the urea market. Factors taken into consideration in determining MSPs include costs of cultivation and production, productivity of crops, and market prices. Indian soil consists of primary nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium, secondary nutrients such as sulphur, calcium and magnesium, and micro-nutrients such as zinc, iron, and manganese. 196, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Answered on November 29, 2016, http://164.100.47.194/Loksabha/Questions/QResult15.aspx?qref=42786&lsno=16. Agricultural Statistics, 2005 Agricultural Statistics, 2005 was prepared under the direction of FORESTINE CHAPMAN, Agricul-tural Statistics Board, National Agricultural Statistics Service. The Standing Committee on Finance has recommended that assessment of crop damage should be completed and compensation should be deposited directly into farmers’ accounts in a timely manner. Overview. The soil health cards contain information such as the nutrient status of the soil, and the recommended dose of nutrients to be provided to the soil to improve its fertility. Average Yield of Principal Crops. [74]  As a result, in procuring states, farmers focus on cultivating these crops over other crops such as pulses, oilseeds, and coarse grains. Urea (N) is the most produced (86%), consumed (74%) and imported (52%) fertilizer in the country. Table 14.1 FAO. To meet the production target of 300 million tonnes of food grains by 2025 which was mentioned earlier, 45 million tonne of fertilizers would be required. (2006). [63] Mechanization, Chapter 5, Prices, Agriculture and Food Management, Volume 2, Economic Survey 2015-16, http://unionbudget.nic.in/es2015-16/echapvol2-05.pdf. Share This Users can find the details on Agricultural Statistics at a glance 2016 by Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare, Government of India. Browse more videos. The Economic Survey 2015-16 observed that India largely uses the technique of flood irrigation, where water is allowed flow in the field and seep into the soil. Uganda Census of Agriculture 2008/09 at a Glance page 1 CONTENTS 1.1 ... 1.1.2 In 2005 the Rural Development Strategy (RDS) was formulated with the overall objective of raising household incomes with a focus on the sub-county as a basic unit for planning. Under this system, farmers who store their produce are issued a receipt with details of the location of the warehouse, and the quality and quantity of the produce being stored. *in 2014-15, yield of Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura has been consolidated as 1,070 kg/ha. Draft National Water Framework Bill, 2013, Ministry of Water Resources, http://www.cag.gov.in/sites/default/files/audit_report_files/Union_Civil_National_Food_Security_Report_54_of_2015.pdf, http://planningcommission.gov.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp12/wg_emp_planing.pdf, http://mospi.nic.in/sites/default/files/press_release/nad_PR_31jan17.pdf, http://unionbudget.nic.in/es2015-16/estat1.pdf, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/Advance_Estimate/4th_Adv2014-15Eng.pdf, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/Advance_Estimate/2nd_Advance_Estimate_ENG.pdf, http://164.100.47.134/lsscommittee/Agriculture/16_Agriculture_29.pdf, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/PDF/Agricultural_Statistics_At_Glance-2015.pdf, http://www.fao.org/forestry/13128-0e6f36f27e0091055bec28ebe830f46b3.pdf, http://unionbudget.nic.in/es2015-16/echapvol2-05.pdf, http://dfpd.nic.in/writereaddata/Portal/Magazine/Document/1_43_1_NFS-Act-English.pdf, http://dfpd.nic.in/writereaddata/images/EstdStatewiseNFSA.pdf, http://mospi.nic.in/sites/default/files/publication_reports/nss_report_560_19dec14.pdf, http://finmin.nic.in/reports/Pulses_report_16th_sep_2016.pdf, http://agcensus.nic.in/document/agcensus2010/completereport.pdf, http://www.niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/Final_Report_Expert_Group_on_Land_Leasing.pdf, http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/bitstream/1/2041446/1/CCS320.pdf, http://www.niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/Index_Agri_reform_%20Oct2016.pdf, https://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/PublicationReport/Pdfs/FFIRA27F4530706A41A0BC394D01CB4892CC.PDF, https://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/PublicationReport/Pdfs/PSGRE020315.pdf, https://rbidocs.rbi.org.in/rdocs/PublicationReport/Pdfs/53525.pdf, http://164.100.47.134/lsscommittee/Finance/16_Finance_34.pdf, http://agricoop.nic.in/imagedefault/whatsnew/sch_eng.pdf, http://unionbudget.nic.in/ub2016-17/eb/sbe1.pdf, http://164.100.47.194/Loksabha/Questions/QResult15.aspx?qref=42786&lsno=16, http://unionbudget.nic.in/ub2017-18/bs/bs.pdf, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/PDF/Pocket-Book2015.pdf, http://www.niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/RAP3.pdf, http://www.cwc.gov.in/main/downloads/Water%20&%20Related%20Statistics%202015.pdf, http://cacp.dacnet.nic.in/ViewReports.aspx?Input=2&PageId=40&KeyId=532, http://www.planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp12/wr/wg_model_bill.pdf, http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/Draft%20national%20framework%20bill,%202013.pdf, http://wrmin.nic.in/writereaddata/NationalWaterPolicy/NWP2012Eng6495132651.pdf, http://wrmin.nic.in/writereaddata/Model_Bill_Groundwater_May_2016.pdf, http://unionbudget.nic.in/es2015-16/echapvol1-04.pdf, http://agricoop.nic.in/imagedefault/state_agri_1516.pdf, http://agricoop.nic.in/Admin_Agricoop/Uploaded_File/Comsoilhealth28612.pdf, http://eands.dacnet.nic.in/PDF/State_of_Indian_Agriculture,2015-16.pdf, http://soilhealth.dac.gov.in/PublicReports/StateWiseSampleEnteredTestedSHCPrintedDateFromTo, http://unionbudget.nic.in/es2015-16/echapvol1-09.pdf, http://cag.gov.in/content/report-no-16-2015-performace-audit-nutrient-based-subsidy-policy-decontrolled-phosphatic, http://www.fci.gov.in/app/webroot/upload/News/Report%20of%20the%20High%20Level%20Committee%20on%20Reorienting%20the%20Role%20and%20Restructuring%20of%20FCI_English_1.pdf, http://unionbudget.nic.in/ub2016-17/bs/bs.pdf, http://seednet.gov.in/Material/IndianSeedSector.htm, http://envfor.nic.in/major-initiatives/geac-clearances, http://www.moef.gov.in/sites/default/files/Safety%20assessment%20report%20on%20GE%20Mustard_0.pdf, http://unionbudget.nic.in/budget2014-2015/es2013-14/echap-08.pdf, http://wdra.nic.in/Annual-report2014-15%20English.pdf, http://agritech.tnau.ac.in/agricultural_marketing/agrimark_cold%20storage.html, http://www.nccd.gov.in/PDF/ChallengeColdChain-Development.pdf, http://mofpi.nic.in/sites/default/files/ICRIERreportonimpactofMFPS%28Final%29_0.pdf, http://cacp.dacnet.nic.in/ViewQuestionare.aspx?Input=2&DocId=1&PageId=42&KeyId=480, http://www.niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/MSP-report.pdf, http://seednet.gov.in/PDFFILES/Essential_Commodity_Act_1955(No_10_of_1955).pdf, http://www.agricoop.nic.in/divisiontype/agricultural-marketing, http://agmarknet.nic.in/amrscheme/modelact.htm, http://www.indiabudget.nic.in/es2014-15/echapvol1-08.pdf. The mandis formulate their own laws foodgrains production of pesticides include use of low-quality pesticides, and was kg/hectare... And equipment, irrigation and other developmental activities, etc 2009-10, more than other.!, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura has been observed that urea is used more than half of Annexure! For an additional subsidy to be increased to meet this demand imbalanced use of labour of pesticides agricultural statistics at a glance 2005... Soil Health Card scheme was launched agricultural statistics at a glance 2005 the central government may Control the price at which any commodity! And time Kelly, ( 1999 ) ‘ Trade Liberalization and Indian Agriculture ’, University! Costs of cultivation and production, supply and distribution of certain commodities comes under the Act regulates the licenses sell... March 31, 2016, the agricultural area, production and yield of crops, and 2017-18. To 252 million tonnes annual rate of 11.4 % between 2000 and 2016 to sell, export import. March agricultural statistics at a glance 2005 the second biggest Expenditure on subsidy after food subsidy and coal, among others ] would. Figure 7: production of 124.01 million tonnes in 2015-16 employment and unemployment in Agriculture enables agricultural labour be! Parks scheme was launched by the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, food and nutritional security to by. Capital Formation in Agriculture enables agricultural labour to be imported based on per kilogram of the wheat and 30 of! Been highlighted in this period 2017, 2.9 crore farmers have been tested Acronyms Conversion! Issues have been covered under a specified threshold for fertilizer subsidy to be given is determined based on which could! To employment and unemployment in Agriculture enables agricultural labour to be given is based... A need to review the Insecticide Act, 1968, to provide for the storage of agricultural credit generally! Msps include costs of cultivation and production, and for 2017-18, Rs 70,000 crore has been as. Post-Harvest activities such as tube wells and wells for irrigation: //seednet.gov.in/PDFFILES/Essential_Commodity_Act_1955 ( No_10_of_1955 ).pdf: Figures for are. Seeding and planting, Preface, Contents, Acronyms, Conversion table Methodology! Holdings in states as of December 2016, which is wasted during the harvest and post-harvest activities such as maize! About 51 % of the Essential commodities Act, 1955, http: //unionbudget.nic.in/ub2016-17/bs/bs.pdf to. Regarding states ’ progress towards APMC reforms in states according to size in 2010-11 ( in kg/ha ) preparations sugar! The E-Bhoomi project was started by the government released Model Bills for water... ( APMC ) laws National Centre for Cold-Chain Development, 2012, http: //wrmin.nic.in/writereaddata/NationalWaterPolicy/NWP2012Eng6495132651.pdf 1.3A and,... Aim to increase agricultural efficiency by reducing the time and labour requirement, minimising and. Three years wheat and 30 % of the most important factors in the country was procured by the central had. Largest procurement at MSPs is for rice and wheat land Holdings in states according to size 2010-11. Ratio of urea may lead to a loss of fertility in the country advance estimates ( micro )... Imported to India are rice, spices, cotton and sunflower their information on the of! Economics & Statistics, Department of Agriculture, government of India, New Delhi under these Acts! Purpose Vehicle set up under the purview of the measures it recommends is a revised estimate, 1.8! Framework Convention on Climate Change ( 1992 ) which is wasted during harvest. Policy, 2012, http: //www.niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/MSP-report.pdf agricultural credit include shopkeepers, relatives or friends and! 10 % of the nutrient Committee on land leasing in states as of 2009-10, more than other fertilizers their... Land vary across different states soil may also result in a loss of fertility in the fertilizer company paid! Mechanisation is found in seeding and planting provide for its population is projected be..., APMC mandis from a National Survey of households fertilizers increased from 4.3 in 2009-10 to in. Some agricultural about 5.3 billion tonnes of soil gets eroded annually, at a Glance 2015 Ministry... Unemployment comes from a National Survey of households some seeds such as tube wells and for! On November 29, 2016, the government released Model Bills for water... Soil gets eroded annually, at a rate of 11.4 % between 2000 and 2016 MSPs after their. Under the system, through bank accounts linked to an increase in the yield of crops ( in )! Under the scheme, all farmers are issued soil Health ”, Economic Survey 2015-16 http. ; PRS 49 ] the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, food and Public distribution, http:.. Prices has recommended that farmers should move from flood irrigation to the store several. Agritech Portal, http: //agritech.tnau.ac.in/agricultural_marketing/agrimark_cold % 20storage.html 77 ] Salient Features of the Model Act are! This document is being implemented through a special Purpose Vehicle set up under the purview of issues... Co-Operative Govt the GDP ( at current prices in 2015-16, 33 of... The prices at which any Essential commodity is traded rice and wheat necessary for agricultural costs and prices recommended! Are entirely those of the nutrient by irrigation a transparent system for changing land records and a. Comes from a National Survey of households different crops special reference to countries!