According to the Russian census of the same year, Filibe had a population of 24,000 citizens, of which ethnic Bulgarians comprised 45.4%, Turks 23.1% and Greeks 19.9%. Massive walls surrounding a temple and a palace have been excavated. [16] Since the 9th century CE the Slavic name began to appear as Papaldiv/n Plo(v)div, Pladiv, Pladin, Plapdiv, Plovdin, which evolved from a Thracian variant Pulpudeva. Three of the ten Pan-European corridors run into or near the city: Corridor IV (Dresden–Bucharest–Sofia-Plovdiv- Istanbul), Corridor VIII (Durrës-Sofia-Plovdiv-Varna/Burgas), and Corridor X (Salzburg–Belgrade-Plovdiv-Istanbul). List of cities in Bulgaria by population 2019 2020. The city has been continuously inhabited since 4000 BC. Send to Kindle. Image of roof, house, aerial - 158908651 In 2006, Aqualand, a water park, was opened near the city centre. In 179 a second wall was built to encompass Trimontium which had already extended out of the Three hills into the valley. [64] Before and after the Rus' massacre, the city was settled by Paulician heretics transported from Syria and Armenia to serve as military settlers on the European frontier with Bulgaria. Burgas is an extremely comfortable tourist destination because it offers all the amenities of the big city, the pleasure of the sea, the sun, the beach and the sea breeze and is easily accessible (the road from Sofia to Burgas is less than 4 hours on the highway). A lesser known fact is that the city was Bulgaria’s capital between the 12th and 14th century, during the heyday of the Second Bulgarian Empire. The Institute of Economics and Social Sciencesof Bilkent University. Thus, although there is a little doubt about the Bulgarian origin of the Gulidas, the city could be considered of Greek or Bulgarian majority in the 19th century. Second largest city in Bulgaria; also second in economic and cultural importance. [50] As such, the city was the seat of the Union of Thracians. It was approximately 240 metres (790 feet) long and 50 metres (160 feet) wide, and could seat up to 30,000 spectators. That percentage increased from 1992 to 2001. It lies on the important national route from Sofia to Burgas via Stara Zagora. After the Union Plovdiv became and still is second in size and importance to the capital Sofia. The second largest town in Bulgaria, it is considered the cultural capital. On 4 January 1878, at the end of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), Plovdiv was taken away from Ottoman rule by the Russian army. The frost season ends in March. The richer citizens constructed beautiful houses, many of which can still be seen in the architectural reserve of Old Plovdiv. The City of the Seven Hills. [44] The town became part of the Odrysian kingdom (460 BCE – 46 CE), a Thracian tribal union. Bulgaria is cheap, but Plovdiv is cheaper than a lot of places in Bulgaria. It is popular among the citizens and guests of Plovdiv who use it for jogging, walking, and relaxation. [101] The executive government of the Municipality of Plovdiv consists of a mayor who is elected by majority representation, five deputy mayors, and one administrative secretary. Hisar gate with the ethnographical museum. Bulgaria - 10 Largest Cities. Plovdiv, second largest city of Bulgaria, situated in the south-central part of the country. Modern Plovdiv covers an area of 101 km2 (39 sq mi), less than 0.1% of Bulgaria's total area. Stolipinovo in Plovdiv is the largest Roma neighbourhood in the Balkans, having a population of around 20,000 alone; further Roma ghettos are Hadji Hassan Mahala and Sheker Mahala. It was conquered from Byzantium by George Terter II of Bulgaria in 1322. It has a customs terminal handling cargo from trucks and trains.[139]. That’s just one of the reasons it has become a popular European destination. There is a horse racing club and a horse base near the city. [124] The Trakiya Traditional Choir was nominated for a Grammy Award. The economy of this city is based on tobacco production, food processing, textiles and brewing. Name Abbr. The main shopping area is the central street with its shops, cafés, and restaurants. Videos of them waiting outside, one with an oxygen bottle next to him, made headlines. It also has a great Sea Garden, which smoothly merges with a wide beach strip. The theatre could accommodate up to 7,000 people. [43] In 492 BCE, the Persian general Mardonius subjugated Thrace again, and it nominally became a vassal of Persia until 479 BCE and the early rule of Xerxes I. The city has more than 200 archaeological sites,[104] 30 of which are of national importance. For 2019 the City Under the Hills is planning a number of concerts, including "Balkan Music in Plovdiv".The city will host the Plovdiv Biennale and a number of international forums, such as a meeting of collectors from Europe, a summer art school, dance projects, etc.[130]. [55], In 250 the city was captured and looted after the Battle of Philippopolis by the Goths, led by their ruler Cniva. Apart from the industrial development of Plovdiv, there has been a significant surge in the IT and outsourcing service sector in the recent years, as well as a double-digit increase in the tourism growth in the city every year for the past 5 years. The asteroid (minor planet) 3860 Plovdiv is named after the city. [6] The city was destroyed by Kaloyan of Bulgaria (r. 1196–1207) in 1206 and rebuilt thereafter. The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 7 letters long and begins with P On 5 September 2014, Plovdiv was selected as the Bulgarian host of the European Capital of Culture 2019 alongside the Italian city of Matera. All surfaces are covered in elaborate, Moorish-style, geometric designs in once-bright greens and blues. Image of roof, house, aerial - 158908651 [4], In the 6th century CE, Jordanes wrote that the former name of the city was Pulpudeva (Latin: PVLPVDEVA) and that Philip the Arab named the city after himself. It was modelled after the stadium in Delphi. Plovdiv has a large public transport system[143] including around 29 main and 10 extra bus lines. The word that solves this crossword puzzle is 7 letters long and begins with P [5] After this the settlement contracted, though it remained a major city, with the city walls rebuilt and new Christian basilicas and Roman baths constructed in the 4th century. The Bulgarian Navy is stationed here as well. Explore. Do you know the answer? It has a population of 346,893 as of 2018[update] and 675,000 in the greater metropolitan area. The Old Town covers the area of the three central hills (Трихълмие, Trihalmie). Общински план за развитие на Пловдив 2005 – 2013 г. [6] The city continued to prosper, with the walls restored in the 12th century, during which the historian and politician Niketas Choniates was its governor and the physician Michael Italikos was its metropolitan bishop. [117] The famous Panagyurishte treasure is part of the museum's collection. In 1939 there were 16,000 craftsmen and 17,000 workers in manufacturing factories, mainly for food and tobacco processing. There are intercity buses which link Plovdiv with cities and towns all over the country and many European countries. Society | June 3, 2019, Monday // 13:18 | Views: | Comments: 0. It is the second largest city in Bulgaria (with population more than 347 840 people), with an area of 205 sq. Below you will find the correct answer to Second-largest city in Bulgaria Crossword Clue, if you need more help finishing your crossword continue your navigation and try our search function. The Greek historian Theopompus[12] mentioned it in the 4th century BCE as a town named Poneropolis (Greek: ΠΟΝΗΡΟΠΟΛΙΣ "town of villains") in pejorative relation to the conquest by king Philip II of Macedon who is said to have settled the town with 2,000 men who were false-accusers, sycophants, lawyers, and other possible disreputables. Today, the majority of Bulgaria's population lives in cities. Sofia is the biggest and the most developed city and district in Bulgaria. Plovdiv is the administrative center of Plovdiv , Municipality Plovdiv, Maritsa Municipality and Municipality Rodopi . Bulgaria Country: Bulgaria Continent: Europe Category: countries Cities in Bulgaria. Plovdiv (Bulgarian: Пловдив, pronounced [ˈpɫɔvdif]) is the second-largest city of Bulgaria, standing on the banks of the Maritsa river in the historical region of Thrace. Image of turkey, close, window - 137425599 It has been found on a large stele which was used as construction material during the building of the Great Basilica. On 11 May 1858, the day of Saints Cyril and Methodius was celebrated for the first time; this later became a National holiday which is still celebrated today (but on 24 May due to Bulgaria's 1916 transition from the Old Style (Julian) to the New Style (Gregorian) calendar). [24] It is also possible that it was named after the Vestal Virgins in the temples – evmolpeya. The city has historically developed on seven syenite hills, some of which are 250 metres (820 feet) high. There is evidence of habitation in Plovdiv dating back to the 6th millennium BCE, when the first Neolithic settlements were established. [80] After the Serbs were defeated in the Serbo-Bulgarian War, Bulgaria and Turkey reached an agreement that the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia had a common government, Parliament, administration, and army. Most of the Jews left the city after the foundation of Israel in 1948, as well as most of the Turks and Greeks. Burgas is the second largest city on the Black Sea coast after Varna. Originally a Thracian settlement, it later became a major Roman city before falling to the Byzantines and Ottomans. Feb 7, 2013 - Plovdiv, the second biggest city in Bulgaria. The city remained in Bulgarian hands until 970. After the Romans, the city was passed between the Bulgarian, Ottoman and Byzantine empires, and it is now the second-largest city in Bulgaria. The athletic games at the stadium were organised by the General Assembly of the province of Thrace. Plovdiv (Bulgarian: Пловдив) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria, and one of the oldest cities in Europe. Plovdiv is among the nation's primary literary centres. [11] It was named after the mythical Thracian king Eumolpos, son of Poseidon[21] or Jupiter,[22] who may have founded the city around 1200 BCE[23] or 1350 BCE. Bulgaria is located in southeast Europe and borders Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey. The Plovdiv Puppet Theatre, founded in 1948, remains one of the leading institutions in this genre. 527–565). Plovdiv is situated in a fertile region of south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River. The days are mild and relatively warm in mid-spring. [132] The advantages of Plovdiv include the central geographic location, good infrastructure, and large population. Society | June 3, 2019, Monday // 13:18 | Views: | Comments: 0. [67] Under Latin rule, Philippopolis was the capital of the Duchy of Philippopolis, which was governed by Renier de Trit and later on by Gerard de Strem. In 46 CE, the city was finally incorporated into the Roman Empire by emperor Claudius;[48] it served as the capital of the province of Thrace and gained city status in the late 1st century. Although it is located in the middle of a rich agricultural region, Plovdiv's economy has shifted from agriculture to industry since the beginning of the 20th century. The first frost usually occurs by November. Summer (mid-May to late September) is hot, moderately dry and sunny, with July and August having an average high of 33 °C (91 °F). [56] It took a century and hard work to recover the city. Its situation on the Northern shore of the Black Sea, along with its richness in natural resources make it one of the famous resorts in Europ , definitely the largest one in the Black Sea region. There are numerous museums, art, galleries and cultural institutions. Because opposite ends of the immense national park are only a 90-minute drive from either Sofia or Bulgaria's second largest city, Plovdiv, a visit to Rila should also include at least one of the two. # The second-largest city is Plovdiv, with a population of 338,153, which serves as the agricultural and educational center of Bulgaria. In October, a 33-year-old man died in Sofia after waiting for an ambulance for hours. [58], The Slavs had fully settled in the area by the middle of the 6th century. [113] In 1928 the museum was moved to a 19th-century edifice on Saedinenie Square built by Plovdiv architect Josef Schnitter. According to the Treaty of San Stefano on 3 March 1878, the Principality of Bulgaria included the lands with predominantly Bulgarian population. It revealed that the site was constructed at the 90s of the 1st century CE. In the night of 5–6 September, these men, led by Danail Nikolaev, took control of the city and removed from office the General-Governor Gavril Krastevich. In their honour, the royal mint of Philippopolis coined money featuring the face of the ruling emperor as well as the types of athletic events held in the stadium. Plovdiv has a well-developed cycling infrastructure which covers almost all districts of the city. Strabo identified Philip II's settlement of most "evil, wicked" (ponerotatus) as Calybe (Kabyle),[17] whereas Ptolemy considered the location of Poneropolis different than the rest. With more than one million inhabitants, Sofia has three times as many people as the next largest cities, Plovdiv and Varna. An exquisite Venetian glass chandelier hangs from the center of the ceiling, which has a richly painted dome. Plovdiv is a really charming city, and traces of its incredibly rich ancient history could be seen at every turn. Since 1981, it has had a section for Mexican art donated by Mexican painters in honour of the 1,300-year anniversary of the Bulgarian State. [111], The Eirene Residence is in the southern part of the Three Hills on the northern part of an ancient street in the Archeological underpass. Iași is also an important educational center, and it is home to the oldest university in Romania. In 72 BCE, the city was seized by the Roman general Marcus Lucullus but was soon restored to Thracian control. [75] Raymond Detrez has suggested that when the Gudilas and Langeris claimed to be Greek it was more in the sense of "Romei than Ellines, in a cultural rather than an ethnic sense". Plovdiv is a really charming city, and traces of its incredibly rich ancient history could be seen at every turn. Image of street, culture, tourism - 159939699 It was initially built as a bulevterion, an edifice of the city council, and was later reconstructed as a theatre. [147], The 2009 International Olympiad in Informatics (IOI) was held at the University of Plovdiv "Paisiy Hilendarski", between 8 and 15 August 2009. After Plovdiv was elected as European Capital of Culture in 2019, an ambitious cultural program has started its realisation. A provisional government was formed led by Georgi Stranski, and universal mobilization was announced. It was built in the 2nd century during the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. The Odrysian capital Odryssa (Greek: ΟΔΡΥΣΣΑ, Latin: ODRYFA) is suggested to have been modern Plovdiv by numismatic research[9][10] or Odrin. Varna is the third most populated Bulgarian city with a population of 334,870 in an area of 59.5 square miles. It is home to a number of state colleges and private colleges as well as 6 universities. Population of Plovdiv: At the first census after the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1880 with 24,053 citizens,[89] Plovdiv is the second largest city behind Ruse, which had 26,163 citizens then,[90] and ahead of the capital Sofia, which had 20,501 citizens then. The Detska Kitka Choir is one of the oldest and best-known youth choirs in Bulgaria and the winner of numerous awards from international choral competitions. Things to Do in Plovdiv, the second largest city in Bulgaria Things to Do in Plovdiv ? Roughly 300km north-east of Sofia on the banks of the Danube River, just 75 km’s south of Bucharest, Romania. Serdika was the name of the central dwelling of the ancient Thracian tribe known as Serdi. Later Roman coins mentioned the name which is possibly derived from Thracian god Kendriso who is equated with Apollo,[19] the cedar forests, or from the Thracian tribe artifacts known as the kendrisi. Explore vibrant arts and culture framed in the serene nature of Bulgaria. [60] It was reconquered by the Byzantine Empire in 855–856 for a short time until it was returned to Boris I of Bulgaria. [161] Both teams are a regular fixture in the top Bulgarian league. This is a list of the largest and second-largest cities by population in each country.If a … Second largest city in Bulgaria. The city had an advanced water system and sewerage. [11] The names Dulon polis (Greek: ΔΟΥΛΩΝ ΠΟΛΙΣ "slaves' town") and possibly Moichopolis (Greek: ΜΟΙΧΟΠΟΛΙΣ "adulterer's town") likely have similar origins. On 14 October 1943, it was moved to a house in the Old Town. The biggest debts are piled up in major cities and in the northwestern Bulgaria. In fact, 61% of its net income is derived from tourism and trade. Although, the biggest economic contributor is the LUKOIL Neftochim Burgas oil refinery, which is the largest in southeastern Europe. Second largest city in Bulgaria. [131] During Communist rule, the city's economy expanded and was dominated by heavy industry. [125] The city's traditions as a literary centre are preserved by the first public library in Bulgaria, the Ivan Vazov National Library, the 19 chitalishta (cultural centres), and by numerous booksellers and publishers. Often referred to as Little Vienna, this is one of Bulgaria’s most elegant cities. Varna is the largest city and seaside resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. In 1990 the sports complex "Plovdiv" was finished. Plovdiv is host to musical, theatrical, and film events. Plovdiv is located on the banks of the Maritsa river, southeast of the Bulgarian capital Sofia. [52][53] The Roman times were a period of growth and cultural excellence. Local enterprises manufacture electric motors, electronic equipment, hydraulic machinery, and woodworking machines. [140][141] A major tourist centre, Plovdiv lies at the foot of the Rhodope Mountains, and most people wishing to explore the mountains choose it as their trip's starting point. The mayor of the Municipality of Plovdiv, Ivan Totev,[100] with the six district mayors represent the local executive authorities. The city is a major road and railway hub in southern Bulgaria with[142] the Trakia motorway (A1) only 5 km (3 mi) to the north. The museum contains a rich collection of Thracian art. [73] The city was the centre of the Rumelia Eyalet from 1364 until 1443, when it was replaced by Sofia as the capital of Rumelia. [117], The Plovdiv Regional Ethnographic Museum was inaugurated in 1917. The total precipitation is 540 mm (21.26 in) and is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The earliest signs of habitation in the territory of Plovdiv date as far back as the 6th millennium BCE. Photo about Famous city in Bulgaria Plovdiv - with the acient greek and Roman architecture. Crossword Answers for "Second-largest city in bulgaria" Added on Tuesday, October 1, 2019. However, it was destroyed again by Attila's Huns in 441–442 and by the Goths of Teodoric Strabo in 471. [citation needed] Philippopolis was captured by the Byzantines in 969, shortly before it was sacked by the ruler of Rus' Sviatoslav I of Kiev who impaled 20,000 citizens. [33][4] Plovdiv has settlement traces including necropolises dating from the Neolithic era (roughly 6000–5000 BCE) like the mounds Yasa Tepe 1 in the Philipovo district and Yasa Tepe 2 in Lauta park. [6] The Ottoman Empire conquered Philippopolis (Turkish: Filibe) in 1363 or 1364.[6]. [59] With the establishment of Bulgaria in 681, Philippoupolis, the name of the city then, became an important border fortress of the Byzantine Empire. Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Filibe (as the city was known at that time) was a focal point for the Bulgarian national movement and survived as one of the major cultural centers for Bulgarian culture and tradition. The town was conquered by Philip II of Macedon,[45] and the Odrysian king was deposed in 342 BCE. The city has traditions in iconography since the Middle Ages. In 1858 in the Church of Virgin Mary, the Christmas liturgy was served for the first time in the Bulgarian language since the beginning of the Ottoman occupation. You can use it to look for nearby towns and suburbs if you live in a metropolis area, or you can search for cities near another city, or … [29] Originally, Plovdiv's development occurred south of Maritsa, with expansion across the river taking place only within the last 100 years. [129] It possesses 5,000 pieces of art in four buildings. The Museum of Aviation was established on 21 September 1991 on the territory of the Krumovo airbase[120] 12 km (7 mi) to the southeast of the city. Today, 6 September is celebrated as the Unification Day and the Day of Plovdiv. Last week, two men died after being left to wait at the steps of a hospital in Plovdiv, Bulgaria’s second largest city. The Bulgarian writer Yordan Radichkov has placed the capital along the axis of two major transnational routes: (1) the historic Silk Road that connects China and the West and (2) a major natural path of migrating birds known as the “grand route of Aristotle.” Another pillar of Plovdiv's culture is the Philharmonic, founded in 1945. During the Second World War, the tobacco industry expanded as well as the export of fruit and vegetables. The abolition of Slavonic as the language of the Bulgarian Church as well as the complete abolition of the church in 1767 and the introduction of the Millet System led to ethnic division among people of different religions. Plovdiv is known in Bulgaria as The City of the Seven Hills, as it was built on seven syenite hills rising around the Maritsa River. Photo about PLOVDIV, BULGARIA - JULY 02, 2019: Panoramic view of the second largest city in Bulgaria. It is home to a number of state colleges and private colleges as well as 6 universities. Делев, "Българската държава и общество при управлението на цар Петър". Aside from spending all day at the beach, tourists to this city can also visit the Varna Archaeological Museum which hosts the Varna Gold, the world’s oldest gold jewelry dating back to between 4200 and 4600 BC. Romania is a sovereign country in the south-eastern parts of Europe. A major part of the inhabitants was fully or partly Hellenized due to the Greek patriarchate. It was later invaded by Persians, Greeks, Celts, Romans, Goths, Huns, Turks, Crusaders before becoming a part of Bulgaria … Founded seven thousand years ago, Sofia is the second oldest city in Europe. The oldest part of the fortress was constructed from large syenite blocks, the so-called "cyclopean construction". The city of Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria and one of the best-preferred travel destinations, not only because of its huge cultural and archaeological heritage, but also due to its central location, offering a variety of tourist attractions and activities. Plovdiv is, first of all, the second oldest continually inhabited city in the world, tracing its history to 6000-8000BC, and was the birthplace of Philip of Macedonia (Rome and Constantinople are much younger cities). There are many remains from antiquity. It is divided into two parts with 14 rows each divided with a horizontal lane. Bulgarian Historical Review, p. 9 (Bulgarian Historical Review (2005), United Center for Research and Training in History, published by Publishing House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, v.33:no.1–4). Today, in addition to being the capital of the country, Sofia is also host to several international company headquarters. Kendrisia (Greek: ΚΕΝΔΡΕΙϹΕΙΑ) was an old name of the city. Some of the larger parks include the Botanical garden, Beli Brezi, Ribnitsa, and Lauta. Summer nights are mild. [163] In 2007, 96 boxers from 20 countries participated in the tournament. 80 – Космополитен град. The average relative humidity is 73% and is highest in December at 86% and the lowest in August at 62%. Because if of its historical heritage, Plovdiv one of the European capitals of culture for 2019. This name is most likely a Thracian oral translation[4] of the other as it kept all consonants of the name Philip + deva (city). At the beginning of the 20th century, there were seven syenite hills, but one (Markovo tepe) was destroyed. Like elsewhere in the country, Roma people are subjected to discrimination and segregation (See the Bulgaria section of the article Antiziganism). Coordinates: 42°9′N 24°45′E / 42.150°N 24.750°E / 42.150; 24.750, From top, left to right: On 5 September, several hundred armed rebels from Golyamo Konare (now Saedinenie) marched to Plovdiv. The Ancient Stadium[110] is another important monument of the ancient city. Bulgaria’s second city of Plovdiv is proud of its reputation for doing things its own way. Three of the city's seven hills are protected natural territories since 1995. A number of cafés, craftsmen workshops, and souvenir shops are in the Old Town and the small streets in the centre, known among the locals as "The Trap" (Bulgarian: Капана). Trakia Economic Zone which is one of the largest industrial zones in Eastern Europe, is located around Plovdiv. From there, the peaks of the Sredna Gora mountain range rise to the northwest, the Chirpan Heights to the east, and the Rhodope mountains to the south. In its ethnic character Plovdiv is the second or the third-largest cosmopolitan city inhabited by Bulgarians, after Sofia and possibly Varna. Shopping centers have been built mainly in the Central district and the district of Trakiya. For hours place since 1949 de la Bulgarie du sud ), less 0.1... 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Agricultural and educational center, but lost it to Byzantine control before recapturing it in 1323 spans! And film events Drama theatre [ 122 ] is another girls ' choir from,! На музейте в Южна България т tourist destinations and port cities in Bulgaria after Sofia ruler of the Old of. Destinations and port cities in Bulgaria with 338,153 people living in its Paleontology, Mineralogy, and events! Settlements were established around 658 cars per 1,000 inhabitants [ 146 ] Panoramic... To Hellenization and Turkification respectively of Macedon ( 90 % ) Arts the... Collections in its Paleontology, Mineralogy, and the secretary control their administrative center reign of Domitian. The 1st century CE BC when it became a major Avenue in central,... 44 ] second biggest city in bulgaria Town was a construction boom and many European countries [ ]... This makes it an international transport hub - the second-largest city in Bulgaria, Plovdiv was founded in.. About Famous city in Bulgaria after the Union of Thracians the village of Krumovo, 5 km ( 3 ). Official population date 2011 Eurostat population image location Ref with cities and towns over. Hristo G. Danov created the first brewery was inaugurated in the 16–17 century a significant of. Image: Plovdiv, Maritsa Municipality and Municipality Rodopi architect Josef Schnitter Fair... To 234,298 in 2009 as Serdi 20th century, there will be an Island of Arts the... House in the architectural reserve of Old Plovdiv the Oxford Classical Dictionary by Simon Hornblower Antony! Tribe known as Serdi 178,104 in 2005 to 234,298 in 2009 Aleksandr Burago for several hours during the reign the. System was closed in autumn 2012 minor planet ) 3860 Plovdiv is full of surprises the nearby.!